What is the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA)?   

Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) is constructed through a collection of interrelated “reference models” designed to facilitate cross-agency analysis of services provided to citizens and to identify duplicative investments, gaps, and opportunities for collaboration within and across federal agencies.

Reference Models released by the Federal Enterprise Architecture Planning Management Office (FEAPMO) include:

• The Performance Reference Model (PRM), a standardized framework to characterize the performance of information technology (IT) initiatives and their contribution to program performance. PRM can help produce enhanced IT performance information to improve strategic and daily decision-making; improve the alignment and contribution of IT to outputs and outcomes, thereby creating a clear “line of sight” to results; and identify performance improvement opportunities across traditional agency boundaries.

• The Business Reference Model (BRM), which is a function-driven framework for describing the business operations of the federal government independent of the agencies that perform them. BRM provides an organized, hierarchical construct for describing the federal government’s day-to-day business operations.

• The Data and Information Reference Model (DRM) helps to describe the types of interactions and information exchanges that occur between the federal government and its various constituencies. It will categorize the government’s information along general content areas specific to BRM sub-functions and decompose those content areas into greater levels of detail, ultimately to data components that are common to many business processes or activities. DRM will establish a commonly understood classification for federal data and enable information sharing between agencies. A common data classification model will streamline the processes associated with information exchange, both within the federal government and between the government and its external stakeholders.

• The Service Component Reference Model (SRM) is a business- and performance-driven functional framework that classifies service components with respect to how they support business and/or performance objectives. SRM is intended for use to support the discovery of government-wide business and application service components in IT investments and assets.

• The Technical Reference Model (TRM), which is a component-driven, technical framework used to identify the standards, specifications, and technologies that support and enable the delivery of service components and capabilities. TRM provides a foundation to support the construction, delivery, and exchange of business and application or service components that may be used and leveraged in a Component-based or Service-oriented Architecture.

Taken together, the FEA reference models create a comprehensive government-wide framework to guide agency IT investment activities, identify opportunities to collaborate on and consolidate initiatives, and integrate government activities at the local, state, tribal, and federal levels.